The mystery of the ancient Irish

This ancient site in Ireland – older than the Egyptian Pyramids – still holds a great mystery. What were its advanced creators trying to say?

Written by Michael Turtle

Michael Turtle is the founder of Time Travel Turtle. He has been a journalist for more than 20 years and has travelled the world full time since 2011.

Michael Turtle is the founder of Time Travel Turtle and has been travelling full time for a decade.


Newgrange Archaeological Site, Ireland

Let me show you what it’s like on the winter solstice, the guide says as he turns off the lights. We’re thrust into pitch blackness, with just cold stone all around us.

He flicks a switch and a narrow band of orange light appears on the floor. It’s clear to make out but it’s only just there and is almost swallowed up by the darkness around us.

He flicks another switch and the beam becomes stronger. It now stretches from up the end of the long narrow passage and hits the stones near where I’m standing at the very back.

It’s still black everywhere else and my hand is invisible in front of my face – just a vague silhouette. But this orange ray is bold and warm. It brings with it such power and… hope.

For millennia, this orange beam has been appearing just once a year… but nobody knows exactly why. There are lots of theories and educated guesses – and I’m not the first to think of power and hope.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

It’s one of the strongest theories about the Newgrange site here in Ireland, about an hour’s drive from Dublin.

Newgrange, at its simplest, is an enormous burial mound built more than 5000 years ago (before the Pyramids or Stonehenge). It was surely more than that, though.

It must have also had some kind of ceremonial role in the society of people who lived in these lands all those years ago. How… we don’t know. But it’s clear that this chamber I’m standing in was the focus.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

Inside the Newgrange chamber

The chamber is about 6 metres high and it is deep in the very centre of the mound, which is about 76 metres in diameter. To get to it, I’ve come through the narrow passage from the very edge, squeezing between rocks on a couple of occasions and ducking my head a couple of times.

But, here in the centre, there is plenty of space. The three sides that don’t have the passageway entrance have alcoves that may have been altars or may have been where the remains of the deceased were kept.

Some of the rocks – on the walls and the ceilings – are carved with mysterious artwork. I would love to show you some pictures of them but photography isn’t allowed inside the mound.

In some ways this is a good thing. Photos would not be able to convey the sense of being inside the chamber and it’s something which is best experienced for yourself.

There is a spiritual energy inside the chamber of Newgrange.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

The best time to be here, to experience the power, is on the winter solstice – the day the guide is now replicating for us. Because even 5000 years ago, the humans who built Newgrange had an incredible understanding of astronomy and geometry.

For just a matter of minutes at about 9 o’clock on the morning of the winter solstice, the rising run will shine directly down the passage, through a special box at the entrance.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

Well… I say that humans had a good understanding of astronomy back then but, really, the best way to put it is that they had no choice but to understand the seasons. It was about survival.

Winter in Ireland didn’t just mean months of biting cold, it meant a scarcity of food – so understanding the movement of the sun meant being able to plan your harvests and prepare for bad times.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

One theory amongst archaeologists is that Newgrange was used as a plea to the gods to bring back the sun. The winter solstice is the turning point of when the days will start to get longer again.

Perhaps the people of 5000 years ago worried that one day that wouldn’t happen, that the days would just keep getting shorter until they lived in eternal darkness.

Perhaps the ceremonies in that chamber were to ask for their light back and to send that message to the deities directly back up that beam of orange.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

The people who built Newgrange

These people from Newgrange are interesting. This is just one site of many in the area – the whole ensemble being called Bru na Boinne. There are two other large mounds, that presumably hold some particle significance, and at least 40 smaller mounds within relatively easy reach.

Even the construction of them, all those years ago before the wheel was invented, is impressive. But then you look at the artwork and wonder what these people were thinking.

The rock positioned at the entrance to the mound at Newgrange is the most famous of them all. Take a look at it here:

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

Like many aspects of the site, we don’t know exactly what it depicts. The guide suggests a few of the popular theories.

It shows the passage of the sun in the days around the winter solstice…

It’s a map of the area with the three mounds prominent…

It’s some kind of ancient pictoral language.

Oh, or it could just be a pretty pattern that doesn’t mean anything. That’s a popular theory as well.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

Bru na Boinne visitors centre

A short drive down the road is the official visitors centre for the whole Bru na Boinne area of ancient mounds. It’s a modern and interesting exhibition about many aspects of the story. What catches my attention are the sections about the people who lived here.

They’re depicted wearing animal furs as clothes, hunting with simple weapons, gathering around a fire in a crude tent. But then the text says “these humans were almost identical to humans today”.

I look at the models of the men and think they look nothing like me. They’re primitive and ancient and have foxes hanging from the roof of their tent.

But, then again, they dragged heavy stones from 80 kilometres away and built a waterproof chamber in an enormous mound that is perfectly aligned with an astronomical event.

Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland
Newgrange tour, Bru na Boinne, Ireland

What did they know? What were they thinking? What were they trying to achieve?

Honestly, I have more questions now than at the start of the day.

Somewhere like Newgrange may not have the reputation of Stonehenge but it’s just as mysterious. And it’s a mystery that will probably never have an answer.

Time Travel Turtle was a guest of Tourism Ireland but the opinions, over-written descriptions and bad jokes are his own.


This site is on the UNESCO World Heritage List!
I'm on a mission to visit as many World Heritage Sites as I can. Only about 800 more to go... eek!

6 thoughts on “The mystery of the ancient Irish”

  1. Newgrange is totally fascinating. It was also a big surprise for me. Had no idea about this site before our trip in 2004. I have to admit that because of my claustrophobia I almost didn’t make it through the passageway to see the solstice demonstration. But after turning around halfway and bolting out, I came back and was glad I did.

    • I’m glad you did too because I don’t think you can get an understanding of the site without going inside – that’s sort of the whole point of it! I also didn’t know much about it before I went so it was fascinating to learn all of this.

  2. With all due respect to Professor O’Kelly and his extensive research, I think a great disservice has been done by constructing (I hesitate to use the term reconstruction) of the white quartzite facade. The fact that the construction required additional modern engineering to support them adds skepticism to the assumed shape and slope. Modeling is one thing, but it is still conjecture. Doing actual forensic construction based upon moldeling – and doing so in a way that makes the structure appear so unrealistically modern runs the risk of being labeled “bad science.” The facade’s less than complete encurclement appears contrary to the symetry and complete circles depicted in the carvings – again adding skepticism. Although I have yet to look at Dr. Kelly’s writing, one question that initially arose in my mind is whether the amount of stone present was sufficient to encircle the entire structure if it had been done in a soil matricx, whcih would also have been more stable. Going forward to construct the wall of quartz stone presents it as fact that this was the initial construction – when there is plenty of reason to hold off. I design underground excavations and structures for a living, and am stunned at the engineering of the known details of the New Grange, and by themselves, they stand as a marvel. But the creation of a nearly vertical quartz cobble wall defies their understanding of stable stone construction.

    • Yes, it’s a very good point. I didn’t go into it in detail in my story, but there is very fair argument about whether Newgrange should have been reconstructed based on theories, rather than any direct evidence of how it actually looked.
      As you say, the interior (which I think is the highlight) has maintained its integrity and the major engineering marvels are still in place. But I do wonder whether it give the wrong impression to have the white wall around the base when it may actually have been nothing like that 5000 years ago!


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