Why is Reichenau Island so important?

For hundreds of years, the island of Reichenau in Lake Constance has influence art and architecture across Europe. But what is it known for today?

Written by Michael Turtle

Michael Turtle is the founder of Time Travel Turtle. A journalist for more than 20 years, he's been travelling the world since 2011.

Michael Turtle is the founder of Time Travel Turtle and has been travelling full time for a decade.


Reichenau Island, Germany

At Lake Constance, four countries meet.

The vast stretch of water borders Germany, Switzerland, and Austria, while Liechtenstein is just 30 kilometres away by road. France and Italy are also just short drives away. This is the confluence of Central Europe.

In this lake, with its ferries and yachts and watersports, is a small island called Reichenau.

Riechenau Island, Germany

More than a thousand years ago, it used its location and its talent to influence art and architecture across the continent. Although it’s located in present day Germany, it emerged at a time when borders seemed fluid.

Riechenau Island, Germany

A monastery built on Reichenau Island in 724 – and churches built between the 9th and 11th centuries – were some of the first examples of medieval religious architecture in this part of the world.

The wall paintings inside these structures also gave inspiration to artisans in the surrounding countries.

Riechenau Island, Germany

What is on Reichenau Island?

When I pop into the information centre on the island, the woman behind the counter seems slightly confused and slightly annoyed that I have interrupted her.

The island – and the centre – seem fairly quiet, although I’m not sure whether it’s just a slower than usual day.

Riechenau Island, Germany

I tell her I would like to see what makes the island a World Heritage Site and she replies, “everything”. I ask a few more questions, trying to get specifics.

Eventually she recommends a couple of important churches but also suggests I see the agricultural side of life on Reichenau.

Riechenau Island, Germany

Only about 3,500 people live on the island but the majority of them are farmers.

The first vineyards were planted here in the 800s and since then the small plot of land in the middle of a lake has become one of the best known places for fruit and vegetable production. Although there is a level of machinery involved, it’s still very much a small community activity.

Riechenau Island, Germany

As I walk down one of the small lanes on the southern side of the island, with the water glistening between me and Switzerland, a tractor drives past.

I stop to look around and notice cars pulling up on the grass. Locals get out of them, one by one, and with them they bring buckets.

Riechenau Island, Germany

They have all come to a small vineyard to pick grapes together – young and old. They smile at me as they walk past and up into the wonderfully symmetrical rows of vines.

Riechenau Island, Germany

This is their office. There are very few ‘businesses’ here on Reichenau Island and the daily work takes place in the sunshine and the fresh air.

If you take away the tractor and the cars, this is probably not so different to the way things have been done for centuries.

Riechenau Island, Germany

On my way back to the bus station, I see several small stands set up on the roadside selling vegetables. They’re as fresh as you’ll ever see and the quality of the produce from here is apparently quite famous in the region.

Riechenau Island, Germany

There are excellent restaurants all around Lake Constance and many of the top chefs source their organic food from right here. Locals also often make the trip across the causeway to buy their own supplies.

Riechenau Island, Germany

Tourists may come for the churches, locals may come for the food.

Regardless, the island of Reichenau is as unique and influential in this part of Europe as it has always been.

Time Travel Turtle was a guest of Baden-Wurttemberg and DB Bahn but the opinions, over-written descriptions and bad jokes are his own.


This site is on the UNESCO World Heritage List!
I'm on a mission to visit as many World Heritage Sites as I can. Only about 800 more to go... eek!

8 thoughts on “Why is Reichenau Island so important?”

  1. The island is lovely. My husband and I bicycled around Lake Constance (Bodensee) several years ago. We made a day trip to this island because of it’s connection with St. Meinrad. It was there he was educated and became a monk before moving to Einsiedeln, Switzerland, where he was murdered by a man he’d offered hospitality. We were surprised by the beauty and serenity of the island and were so glad we visited it. Thank you for the account of your visit.

    • What a great way to see Lake Constance – cycling around it! That’s an awesome trip. And I’m so pleased to hear that you enjoyed Reichenau as well. It’s the serenity that makes it even more beautiful, I think. Such a wonderful little place.


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